Контроль. ЗНО. Тренувальні вправи з англійської мови

Picture Comparison

Це завдання високого рівня складності — монологічний вислів з елементами порівняльного опису. Це завдання має схожу структуру з перeказом тексту, тобто почати слід зі вступу, закінчити завершувальними словами. При описі та порівнянні слід використовувати поєднувальні слова, а також висловлювати своє ставлення до проблеми, яка відображена на фото. Не слід описувати деталі кожного фото окремо. Все виконується в зіставленні.

 

На початку слід позначити спільну для обох фото тему. Досить одного чи два речення. Наприклад:

  • These two photos depict two different… / I’m going to comparetwo photographs showing… / At the beginning I’d like to pointout that … and these two photos prove that.

Наступна промова йде за планом: де відбувається дія, щoроблять дійові особи.

  • In the first picture I’d like to draw your attention to… In the second picture we can see…

Скажіть, що спільного на цих фотографіях.

  • The most obvious similarity, that we can see is that… another similarity is that…

Далі визначаємо, чим фото відрізняються одне від одного.

  • One difference in these photos is that … Another difference is that there are… also I can add…

Далі слід висловити особисте ставлення до подій на фото.

  • As for me… personally I think that… from my point of view…

І нарешті висновок.

  • To sum up, I’d like to say, Let’s have a final look at, that’s where I’d like to stop.

Приклад

Study the two phtographs. Be ready to compare and contrast these two pictures.

Вступ

People influence the environment in different ways. These photos depict two examples of harmful attitude of humans to the nature.

Проблеми, що є спільні на фотографіях

In the first photo we can see a forest being cleared. The second picture shows a forest fire. I’d like to draw your attention to bright green colours of the forest in the first picture and dreadful grey and brown ground nearby. The yellow and brown image of the fire in the second picture is also horrible. Both pictures show the battle between life and death.

Що є відмінного

One difference in the pictures is shown in the reasons that caused the events. The first image presents an example of industrial interference into the area, whereas the other picture gives an example of careless attitude of people to the forest. That’s from my point if view.

The other difference is the level of destruction. While the first picture leaves some hope for the forest, the second one presents absolute defeat of the nature in the struggle with fire. Looking at both pictures makes me feel nervous.

Зв’язок з дійсністю або власним досвідом

The first photo resembles our Carpathian district, which is the best illustration of the harmful human influence on the nature. As a result of deforestation this area suffers from floods and landslides. Actually inhabitants of this area admit that ecological disasters are their real fault. So I think the most severe threat comes from the human. The second picture, in my opinion, resembles our eastern area. I mean, this part of the country suffers from fires, which are typical for the steppe area. These two images are closely connected, as both of them reflect urgent problems of the environment.

Висновки

To sum up both problems need our wise considering and resolution.

Наведемо приклад опису, що має певні вади порівняно з коректним виконанням завдання.

Приклад 2

The first picture presents an individual sportsman, while the other shows a team. The girl-wrestler in the first picture may be going to take part in a competition soon. And I think she must be very determined to succeed. As we see, she is wearing a black belt, so she must be really good at this kind of sport. The four girls in the next picture seem to have a triumph. Their competition іs over now. We can see medals on the breast. All of them are happy about their victory. Perhaps a journalist is taking a photo of them. I imagine they have become very good friends by doing this sport together. I expect that their team spirit will help them in their future sport career. To sum up the same idea of sport and health is involved in the pictures.

Які помилки допущені у виконанні завдання?

  1. Bідсутній вступ.
  2. Дається послідовний опис картинок, утім, бракує зіставлень, а також поєднувальних слів.
  3. Єдина спільна риса між картинками подається як висновок, завершення відповіді.
  4. Відсутнє власне ставлення щодо образів на фотографіях.

Порівняймо з коректним варіантом відповіді

Вступ

The two photos depict different kinds of sport.

Співставлення та визначення різниці. The first picture presents an individual sportsman, while the other shows a team. The girl-wrestler in the first picture may be going to take part in a competition soon. So she is working out in the gym. The second picture shows the end of the competition. The sportsmen are enjoying their triumph. The atmosphere in the photos is absolutely different. The sportsman in the first picture is focused on her exercise. As we see, she is wearing a black belt, so she must be really good at this kind of sport. The girls in the second picture are happy about their victory. We can see medals on their breast. Perhaps a journalist is taking the photo of them.

Визначення схожих рис

But there is an obvious similarity between these photos. The girls in both pictures are the same age. All of them are determined to succeed. Also I’d add the same idea of sport and health is involved in the pictures.

Власне ставлення до людей на фото

Let’s have another look at the photos. I imagine, the girl-wrestler will become a champion, and I wish her real success for all her efforts. I also admire the winners of the competition. I can see they have become very good friends by doing this sport together. I expect that their team spirit will help them in their future sport career.

Завершення

To sum up, both pictures are positive and encouraging. That’s where I’d like to stop.